Recovering Art Techniques in the Animation Process

By Cristina Manzano Espinosa.

Published by The International Journal of New Media, Technology and the Arts

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Author and authorship, in the sense that we are going to use the concepts, were born in the late fifties when a group of French critics and filmmakers vindicated certain names in the classic American cinema as creators able to leave their own marks on their works, beyond the supervision of the American film studios organization. We will use these concepts to evaluate the relationship between the creative control within the short animation films and the use of traditional art techniques, which involve drawing, painting or even claymation. A separation from digital works means another production and artistic perspective which has found in the web a major distribution system and acknowledgement for authors. The use of traditional art techniques is not only an aesthetic decision, but also serves as narration, as each technique has its own expressive application. Through several examples of contemporary filmmakers working with this kind of approach, this paper will analyse both the artistic and narrative results.

Keywords: Authorship, Traditional Art Techniques, Web Distribution, Filmmaking, Short Films, Cinema and Painting

The International Journal of New Media, Technology and the Arts, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp.1-10. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 315.671KB).

Cristina Manzano Espinosa

Professor, Audiovisual Communication Department , Facultad de Ciencias de la Information (Communication), Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

I have a Ph.D. in communication and I have been teaching in private and public Spanish universities for fourteen years now, mostly subjects dealing with narrative and cinema. I am also an artist and illustrator, working both with traditional and digital techniques. Most of my research works deal with cinema, literature and arts. Apart from several articles, I have published two books: A study about the similarities among the works of Lewis Carroll, James Barrie and Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (biographies, works and adaptations to cinema) titled: El espejo, el aviador y el barco pirata; and an investigation about the relationship between cinema and literature, <1>La adaptación como metamorfosis.